The expansion of globalisation and world trade lead to vehicles and vehicle parts of the most diverse origins entering the European market. This makes it necessary, on the one hand, to control the import of products and, on the other hand, to sanction products that are nevertheless illegally made available on the market.
In the interest of road safety, numerous vehicle parts, among other things, may only be offered for sale on the German market in a design or type-approved version. The Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) monitors compliance with these legal requirements as part of Market Surveillance, among other things in the context of carrying out fine proceedings. This concerns, on the one hand, the vehicle parts mentioned in § 22a (1) of the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations (StVZO) and, secondly, according to § 27 (2) of the EC Vehicle Approval Regulation (EG-FGV), various vehicle parts subject to type approval according to European regulations.
These are in particular safety-relevant vehicle parts. In the interest of road safety, the sales bans are intended to ensure that non-approved vehicle parts with the possibility of defective design are not placed on the market. Violations of these sales bans can be punished by fines of up to € 5,000.00 per offence. In the context of a skimming of the economic benefits, the fine may also exceed this amount. Fines are imposed on the basis of continuous market observation.
In addition, KBA also carries out fine proceedings in the case of other infringements, e.g. by manufacturers in recall proceedings.
Import Control Checks
In times of globalisation, free movement of goods and e-commerce, the inspection of products already at the European external borders is of particular importance. With the help of import control checks, KBA actively prevents the import of goods that would otherwise be subject to sanctions. The EU has issued a multitude of regulations on the safety and labelling of products. The aim is to ensure that only safe products enter the European internal market.
The customs administration and KBA cooperate in import controls. If there are doubts about the importability of a product, the customs authorities temporarily suspend its release for import. KBA then checks this product and decides on its importability.