Holders of a Type Approval have the right to produce their product in unlimited quantities and to bring them to market. Against this, they are obliged to ensure that the production is maintained in agreement with the demands of the originally issued Type Approval. Only conform products are to be brought to market.
Prior to the issuing of a Type Approval it must be ensured that a manufacturer is capable of producing a defined quality standard. The initial assessment is carried out by the Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (KBA) to determine if this is the case.
Following the issuing of a Type Approval, the KBA checks the product for conformity to the Type Approval and also checks the quality management system. When faults in the QM-system or deviations of the product are found in the course of a check, then measures for remediation are to be taken in agreement with the KBA.
When serious deviations occur that could influence traffic safety or pollute the environment, for example, these can lead to a withdrawal of the Type Approval.
either the confirmation of verification only comprises of a "Teilegutachten" (vehicle part test report) and national (ABE, ABG) or international Type Approval (EC, UN-ECE) are to be acquired,
or the KBA has not been informed on an actual verification of the production of the type approved object.
An inspection is regularly carried out when the KBA has no knowledge on whether a technical service designated by the KBA regularly checks fulfilment of the approval-relevant requirements.
CoP-Q inspections are spot checks. When no grave non-conform facts are determined, no further regular inspection is carried out.
Exceptions: see the following question
CoP-Q inspections are carried out:
according to an annual plan that is created by those responsible section,
reason-related, when the KBA receives factual information that pertains to the conformity of the approved object or the perception of other Type Approval holder obligations that make an inspection necessary
or when the KBA is not informed that a technical service designated by the KBA as certification body regularly checks fulfilment of the approval-relevant requirements.
The implemented QM-system and, in particular the measures and procedures that have been introduced, are checked in the framework of a CoP-Q inspection to determine if they are effective and further suitable to ensure the conformity of the products produced with the approved type. In addition, a check is made on whether other obligations of the Type Approval holder against the KBA are attended to.