EUCARIS started in the early 1990s as a cooperation between national traffic registry authorities. The aim was to effectively support the fight against cross-border vehicle theft and curb driver's license tourism by exchanging vehicle and driver's license data.
On June 29, 2000, five countries (Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Germany) concluded the EUCARIS agreement on a European vehicle and driving license information system. For Germany, the KBA participates in the data exchange with three of its registers (Central Vehicle Register, Central Register of Driving Licenses, Register of Driver Fitness).
In addition to the procedures based on the EUCARIS agreement, there are now other functionalities that use the EUCARIS system as a technical platform:
On May 27, 2005, seven EU member states (Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria) concluded an intergovernmental agreement in Prüm, Rhineland-Palatinate. It serves to improve cooperation and the exchange of information between the signatory states in the police field in the fight against terrorism and the prosecution of serious cross-border crime.
The Prümer Vertrag regulates the networking of DNA, fingerprint and vehicle databases. Authorized police and law enforcement authorities receive direct access via their national contact point. In the area of vehicle registration data, retrieval takes place via a specially established procedure using the EUCARIS system. The use of the EUCARIS system has thus been extended from data exchange in the purely administrative area to the police and judicial area. In the meantime, the multilateral Prüm Convention has been transferred into the EU legal framework (Council Decisions 2008/615/JHA and 2008/616/JHA). This has extended the use of the EUCARIS system for this area to all 27 EU Member States.
Currently and for the next years further fields of application of the EUCARIS system are foreseen:
- A European driving license information system (EReg - RESPER) is currently being set up on the basis of the 3rd EU Driving License Directive. Before a driver's license is issued, it will be possible to check in the EU member states whether a driver's license has already been issued or withdrawn there.
- A European network of company registers for transport companies (EReg - ERRU) is also currently being set up. In Germany, this register is maintained by the Bundesamt für Güterverkehr (BAG). The EUCARIS platform is used for the mutual international exchange of data.
- Furthermore, based on EU Directive 2011/82/EU, the European data exchange for the cross-border prosecution of traffic offenses that endanger road safety was established.
- With the implementation of "eCall" (emergency calls) via EUCARIS, rescue forces will be able to provide help in traffic accidents even faster and more safely in the future. In the event of an accident, the vehicle automatically sends an emergency call to the nearest rescue control center. EUCARIS uses the vehicle identification number or license plate number to determine the vehicle data of the vehicle involved in the accident. The rescue forces thus know at an early stage which vehicle is involved. Appropriate rescue equipment can be procured immediately and it is known where potentially dangerous equipment is located in the vehicle for rescuers and casualties.
Since the EUCARIS system offers the states a tried and tested platform for data exchange that can be expanded almost at will, it is to be expected that further procedures will be implemented on the EUCARIS technical platform in the future. Furthermore, it is possible to link the EUCARIS system with other systems by using a newly developed so-called "broker".